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Life Classification, Regression

Prognostic Wisconsin Breast Cancer Database......

数据结构 ? 0M

    Data Structure ?

    * 以上分析是由系统提取分析形成的结果,具体实际数据为准。


    1. Dr. William H. Wolberg, General Surgery Dept.
    University of Wisconsin, Clinical Sciences Center
    Madison, WI 53792
    wolberg '@'

    2. W. Nick Street, Computer Sciences Dept.
    University of Wisconsin
    1210 West Dayton St., Madison, WI 53706
    street '@' 608-262-6619

    3. Olvi L. Mangasarian, Computer Sciences Dept.,
    University of Wisconsin
    1210 West Dayton St., Madison, WI 53706
    olvi '@'


    Nick Street

    Data Set Information:

    Each record represents follow-up data for one breast cancer case. These are consecutive patients seen by Dr. Wolberg since 1984, and include only those cases exhibiting invasive breast cancer and no evidence of distant metastases at the time of diagnosis.

    The first 30 features are computed from a digitized image of a fine needle aspirate (FNA) of a breast mass. They describe characteristics of the cell nuclei present in the image. A few of the images can be found at [Web Link]

    The separation described above was obtained using Multisurface Method-Tree (MSM-T) [K. P. Bennett, "Decision Tree Construction Via Linear Programming." Proceedings of the 4th Midwest Artificial Intelligence and Cognitive Science Society, pp. 97-101, 1992], a classification method which uses linear programming to construct a decision tree. Relevant features were selected using an exhaustive search in the space of 1-4 features and 1-3 separating planes.

    The actual linear program used to obtain the separating plane in the 3-dimensional space is that described in:
    [K. P. Bennett and O. L. Mangasarian: "Robust Linear Programming Discrimination of Two Linearly Inseparable Sets", Optimization Methods and Software 1, 1992, 23-34].

    The Recurrence Surface Approximation (RSA) method is a linear programming model which predicts Time To Recur using both recurrent and nonrecurrent cases. See references (i) and (ii) above for details of the RSA method.

    This database is also available through the UW CS ftp server:

    cd math-prog/cpo-dataset/machine-learn/WPBC/

    Attribute Information:

    1) ID number
    2) Outcome (R = recur, N = nonrecur)
    3) Time (recurrence time if field 2 = R, disease-free time if field 2 = N)
    4-33) Ten real-valued features are computed for each cell nucleus:

    a) radius (mean of distances from center to points on the perimeter)
    b) texture (standard deviation of gray-scale values)
    c) perimeter
    d) area
    e) smoothness (local variation in radius lengths)
    f) compactness (perimeter^2 / area - 1.0)
    g) concavity (severity of concave portions of the contour)
    h) concave points (number of concave portions of the contour)
    i) symmetry
    j) fractal dimension ("coastline approximation" - 1)

    Relevant Papers:

    W. N. Street, O. L. Mangasarian, and W.H. Wolberg. An inductive learning approach to prognostic prediction. In A. Prieditis and S. Russell, editors, Proceedings of the Twelfth International Conference on Machine Learning, pages 522--530, San Francisco, 1995. Morgan Kaufmann.
    [Web Link]

    O.L. Mangasarian, W.N. Street and W.H. Wolberg. Breast cancer diagnosis and prognosis via linear programming. Operations Research, 43(4), pages 570-577, July-August 1995.
    [Web Link]

    W.H. Wolberg, W.N. Street, D.M. Heisey, and O.L. Mangasarian. Computerized breast cancer diagnosis and prognosis from fine needle aspirates. Archives of Surgery 1995;130:511-516.
    [Web Link]

    W.H. Wolberg, W.N. Street, and O.L. Mangasarian. Image analysis and machine learning applied to breast cancer diagnosis and prognosis. Analytical and Quantitative Cytology and Histology, Vol. 17 No. 2, pages 77-87, April 1995.

    W.H. Wolberg, W.N. Street, D.M. Heisey, and O.L. Mangasarian. Computer-derived nuclear ``grade'' and breast cancer prognosis. Analytical and Quantitative Cytology and Histology, Vol. 17, pages 257-264, 1995.
    [Web Link]

    See also:
    [Web Link]
    [Web Link]




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